Kategória: Webinars

Consultations on the CRISPRO risk assessment tool

Capacities vs vulnerability are two ground functionalities promoted by the online risk assessment tool of the CRISPRO team. Consultations from Ferrol (4-5 February and 17-18 March) were followed by a webinar with the Czech partners of the initiative (21.3.2022). A group fo young ciris managers discussed the importance of thorough analyse sof vulnerability and evaluation of mathcing capaicties for ensuring greater security and safety of communities and vital societal functionalities.

Essential points of the assessment tool are

  • to sress on the interdependency of modern therats,
  • to focus on the need for economic and societal efficiency,
  • to promote adoption to changing nature of communication means,
  • to examine the challenges in the contex of community response practices
  • to stress on the high impact of the eventd driving system adaptations,
  • tpo link the system adapnations to policical and economic provsions,
  • to determine changes in structural and non-structural measures.

The upgraded version of the etool will be available for working parties of the project by end of April, though we are planning a public launchj of the tool for across municipal crisis managers by end of June 2022.

In case of ineterst to participate the offline e-tool consultations in Savona in June 2022, please contact us on terzieva@isemi.sk

Public spaces amidst pandemics

Dr Timo Hellenberg, CEO of Hellenberg International, presents table-top exercises crowd management models – vulnerability in risk analyses.

Reconnaissance at open spaces

Lt. Gen. (ret) dr. Leonardo Leso talks about the most serious and frequent threats to public order that come from groups of antagonists / radicalised immigrants or extremists and football hooligans.


Risk assessment approaches in Asia

Manzul K. Hazarika, Ph.D. Director, Geoinformatics Center Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand, presenting the Risk Assessment Approaches in Asia.

Combined Threats of the Natural Hazards and Smart Systems

82% of the survey responders consider most emerging trends of combined threats related to the natural disasters and disruption of the critical infrastructure, reports the security and safety policy expert Mrs Galya Terzieva from the International Security and Emergency Management Institute (Slovakia). 

Health threats and non-linear connectivity with natural disasters are placed in the second position with 68% of the answers. Biological threats(including also pandemics) are part of combined hazards. Either public or social disorder refers to any form of public violation like terrorism or extremism in 15% of selected choices; however, according to respondents, in 36% of cases, the natural events are causing biological and health emergencies. On exploring the most frequent agents causing disasters, 73% of the responses mentioned extraordinary natural events. Actors ranked the smartening the social system, CBRN and cyber drivers of disasters and emergencies are counted on average between 26 and 36% of the answers. 

Risk Mapping Method in the Czech Republic

Are you interested in learning how to identify the risks of hazards in your country or region? The People Protection Institute in the Czech Republic uses a risk mapping process. The manifestations of different types of hazards interact with the area’s vulnerability and the preparedness of intervention units. The methodology has been developed in collaboration with the University of Ostrava academic workers. Lenka Brumarová from the faculty of security engineering guides you in the following presentation through the steps of risk identification and assessment. The threat analyses are based on the cumulation of multiple risk holders(refinement coefficients) and multiple hazards in the respective territory. To determine the degree of risks, you get a hazard map. 


Crowd sourcing and emergencies

Mrs Marina Tavra from the department of geodesy and geoinformatics at the University of Split (HR) presents crowd management models in emergency, disaster, and crisis.

The Climate Change vs Tourism in the Alps

The European Alps underwent significant climate changes in the last decades, and an intensification of the current trends is foreseen by regional climate projections by the end of this century.

Mrs Elena Pede from the Inter-university Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning, Politecnico di Torino, presents the increasing risk of natural hazards due to climate change: desertification, ecosystems changes, water scarcity, forest fires, hydro-geological and hydraulic instability. Further, the socio-economic impacts are alarming for the Alps, Italy, Austria, Switzerland, etc.

Two Aspects of Managing of the Crowds: physical and virtual

About 80% of the world data come from geo-components, and they can be processed under machine learning. It means that data circulated can be localised. Though being of greater importance in search and rescue of people, for example, the team of scientists and researchers Marina Tavira, Josip Peros and Ivan Reciting from the University of Split, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Geodesy at the regular CRISPRO webinar hold on 21.10.2021. The scientists added that GIS-based crisis management could take advantage of social network data validation. They are sourcing the system with data from the crowds and managing it by introducing the Virtual Support teams, widely promoted by the unique NGO VOST Europe presented by the “maker” and developer Jorge Gomes, ahead of the international network.

He added that crowdsourcing had been used, with success in several instances. While many groups continue the purely conceptual discussion about the pros and cons of using crowdsourcing in DRR and crowd management, VOST Europe focuses on the cases of successful data gathering to help decision-makers and citizens (African natural disaster case). Social network information crowding can also enable the direct involvement of citizens in the research and investigation processes. For example, they can be asked to share the photos they have taken at a particular place and time concerning a criminal or disaster-related accident. Furthermore, it can foster the citizens’ participation and make them accountable for the environment and communities. As a result, citizens can feel important and helpful, and it can be considered a “democratic” model for illustrating public engagement in disasters or emergencies.

Volunteered geographical information or VGI and remote sensing technologies are basic for modern data aggregation and rapid filtration through machine learning and big data processing. It is extremely important in the interventions referring to the life and health of persons worldwide. Remote sensing data and volunteered geographical information from non-experts collecting and sharing data can be acknowledged as an essential complementary tool of the traditional situational awareness technologies. It refers to the professional capacities of the rescue and searches intervention teams who challenge the physical obstacles in the area affected by the disaster or public disorder incident/riot/unrest. Social-network-based data aggregation can support rescue and emergency planning, especially in the remote or lesser density populated regions such as the Arctic and Barents see areas, outlined Mr Hannu Rantannen, a security expert of the project. “Improving maritime safety in the Arctic Ocean through Ai and Virtual Control Room”. The Barents Rescue Event is an excellent platform for testing and validating technological solutions, and the upcoming one in the fall of 2023 in Bodo Norway, added Hannu Rantanen.

Another physical aspect of the crowd management interventions refers to the CBRN incidents in public spaces, shopping malls, airports or religious places, added Mr Timo Hellenberg, a security expert.
Geo-referencing and geo-positions shall also move from planning and monitoring to intervention support tools for the first responders. It can be useful for disseminating information through the traditional communication channels used during specific interventions.

Rapid processing and data aggregation can also influence the scenarios at the very moment of the reactions. The most popular forms of public crowd management scenarios were presented by Leonard Leso, a Security Analyst with a long 44 years career in the Carabinieri Corps, the military and police force of Italy. He raised attention to the essentials of crowd management: defining the antagonists and lessons learnt, planning for the public order operations, mobile teams setting, training and procedures for public order that can also be enabled by the alert information as an entry point and gets to any rescue situations. Furthermore, spacial recaptured evaluated images involving citizens and extracting reliable data could support the field interventions.

The teams’ preparation is driven by particular national and regional scenarios of potential risks outlined by Jari Honkanen from the Ministry of Interior of Finland. Further, he referred to the leading principles of the Finnish civil protection driven by the comprehensive approach, integrated preparation for peace-time and war-related emergencies, making all actors responsible for carrying out their functions in all security situations, and stressing the pragmatic public/private cooperation, also supported by the military authorities. The territory of Finland is divided into risk classes. The regression model determines four risk levels, and it is based on the number of inhabitants and buildings. The regression model has been calculated according to real house fires and any prognosis for risk level in a square 1 km x 1 km. While the National Risk Assessment outlines 20 scenarios, the sub-national risk assessments are drafted cross-sectorally to represent the region’s municipalities, authorities, businesses, and working groups. The representatives of the National Rescue Platform do provide insights into their communities and reference groups extensively.

Teaming Up for the New DRS Calls in 2022

Cascading effects and vulnerability of society are essential elements to be tackled by the new call for proposals under Cluster 3, the EU programme for developing security and societal resilience actions. A group of about 25 scientific, policy and first responders‘ organisations called by the CRISPRO network discussed new proposals for 2022. The online consultations were hold on 21st October, 2021. The group assessed their previous experience and highlighted the importance of focusing on pragmatical and applicable tools-developments referring to historical data, online data from social networks, situational awareness and first responders preparedness. The main idea is to tackle cascading effects and multi-hazards paradigm because such models of disaster risk management enable engagement of various forms of vulnerability mitigation measures.

The team will be acting as a non-formal and project-driven team of prominent organisations for challenging models and aspects of disaster risk reduction based on grant opportunities for development.